There are four different types of bunion surgery. The first type involves repairing tissue that has become too lose on side and too tight on the other as a result of the stretching that occurs when the toe becomes pronounced. The second, anthrodesis, removes damaged toe joints and replaces them with plates, screws or wires. The third, anthroplasty, involves removing the damaged portion of the toe and re-aligning the toe. The fourth, exostectomy, is a rare procedure which simply removes the bump. It is appropriate only when the bone is enlarged and there is no drifting of the toes. Hammertoe is yet another condition that may result from wearing heel shoes. This is a consequence of your toe being pushed to the front of your shoes. Callus and corns usually appear when you wear them. At the end the question is would you prefer a nice pair of heels or your health? One should be health conscious and bear in mind that being in fashion doesn't mean that we should hurt ourselves. So, be smart and think twice before wearing high heels. Which home remedies would benefit me most? What are the proper measurements of each ingredient, and how long should I apply the mixture for? Bone spurs of the feet are a very common problem, typically occurring in the heel and near the toes. A heel spur is a growth of bone on the underside of the heel bone. Heel spurs form when the plantar tendon pulls at its attachment to the heel bone. Spurs can also develop on the top of the big toe joint. Anti-inflammatory medications and cortisone injections are common treatments for spurs, but surgery may be recommended if spurring around the joint becomes severe. What are hammer toes? They are bent tones that are caused by a deformity of the joint of the toe itself. A bunion is a painful bony bump that forms on the base of the big toe joint. The joint gets inflamed and pushes the big toe towards the other toes, which then causes the bone to shift out and form the bunion. A common relief for people with bunions is to wear a bunion sling. A bunion (or Hallux valgus) is a lump at the joint the base of the big toe, usually caused by years of pressure on the joint from poor walking mechanics such as overpronation (rolling the foot inward too much). These bony prominences may also be caused by tight shoes or by injury. Corns and callus are a condition where the patient experiences a growing of hard skin anywhere on the sole of your feet as well as toes. The podiatrists will be able to treat this condition and can painlessly remove the corns and callus They can also advice you on basic care that will help to prevent this condition. Sometimes the patients face problems regarding the ingrown nails. Sometimes the nail reaches in such position that it becomes difficult to cut. This can become serious if left unattended. The podiatrists can help you by trimming your nails right way so that it cannot create any problems in future. Hammertoe is a painful deformity where the toe bends unnaturally and becomes claw-like. This occurs when the tendons of the toe contract abnormally, forcing the toe to bend downward and the middle joint of the toe to protrude upward. While any toe can be affected by this condition, hammertoe typically affects the second toe, which assumes a claw-like position and is difficult to straighten out. It is important to treat foot ulcers promptly so that the infection does not spread into the bone or bloodstream. In worst case scenarios (especially among diabetics and the elderly), foot ulcers are precursors to amputation. A bunion is a bump on the outside bone of the big toe. The bump is actually bone sticking out. This occurs because the structure of the foot has changed and has caused the big toe to shift toward the second toe, causing a protruding bone on the outside. Bunions are thought to be hereditary. But, the foot environment also plays a role in causing bunions. Shoes can encourage bunions if they have a narrow toe box that crowds the toes. Women are more prone to developing bunions than men. To know more about how to prevent Toenail fungus infection, click here Plantar Fasciitis / Heel Pain / Heel Spur If bunions occur early in life somewhere in the teen ages, then they are considered as an inherited disorder because there is strong evidence of a relation between genetics and bunions However, genetics still play a minor role in the causation of bunions Most bunions are caused by the use of thin toed and high heel shoes. Ligaments surrounding the big toe joint keep the big toe in position and prevent its extra movement. Once ligaments are torn or ruptured, bunions are bound to happen. Continuous insults to the big toe joint in the form of injuries or rheumatic diseases may also lead to bunion formation.